Breast cancer risk factors
This makes breast cancer the most common type of cancer in women: breast cancer accounts for almost one third of all cancer diagnoses in women. Although the risk of breast cancer increases significantly after the age of 50, the disease also affects younger women: 20% of all patients are younger than 50 years of age at the time of diagnosis.
The female breast consists of glandular, fatty and connective tissue. It is traversed by glandular lobules (Latin lobuli) and milk ducts (Latin ductuli). When breast cancer comes from the milk ducts, experts talk about a ductal carcinoma. Ductal carcinoma is the most common form of breast cancer. On the other hand, if breast cancer develops in the glandular lobes, it is called lobular carcinoma.
breast cancer risk factors
Age: older women are more likely to get sick than younger women
Family burden:If one or more first-degree relatives (mother, sister, daughter) already suffer, the risk of illness increases
Hereditary predisposition: In some women, a gene change, such as the so-called BRCA mutations, can be detected
The influence of hormones: eg first menstruation before the 12th birthday, last menstruation after the 55th birthday; Birth of the first child after the age of 30 or a long-term combined hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms
Radiation therapies: women whose upper body was irradiated, for example, because of another cancer
Alcohol and smoking