In medicine, two main groups of lymphomas are distinguished: non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Lymphatic system in the human body
- tonsils 2. thoracic duct 3. intestinal lymph nodes 4. inguinal lymph nodes 5. cervical lymph nodes 6. axillary lymph nodes 7. thymus 8. spleen 9. cisterna chyli 10. bone marrow 11. lymphatic vessels
Hodgkin lymphomas are caused by the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells. In Hodgkin’s lymphoma, immature or malignant lymphocytes multiply rapidly and uncontrollably. They affect the lymphatic organs such as the lymph nodes and the spleen, or other organs such as the intestine.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma risk factors
A weakened immune system, eg because of another illness or because of a therapy (eg immunosuppressive therapies after an organ transplant).
Permanent infections with certain viruses (eg Epstein-Barr virus, hepatitis, HIV) or bacteria (eg Helicobacter pylori) ..
Hodgkin’s lymphoma symptoms
Hodgkin’s lymphoma causes different complaints. Swelling of the lymph nodes on the neck, neck or in the groin may indicate Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Typical are “general symptoms” such as fever, night sweats, weight loss and / or fatigue.
In the advanced stage of the disease, the cancer cells can affect almost all organs and cause complaints there.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma diagnosis
If there is a suspicion of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a lymph node is removed and examined under the microscope. In order to determine the stage of the disease, further examinations such as an abdominal ultrasound or X-rays of the chest are performed.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma therapy
The treatment of a lymphoma is planned individually. The therapy usually consists of a chemo- and / or radiotherapy.