How Does Breast Cancer Therapy Work ?

How Does Breast Cancer Therapy Work ?

New Therapies For Breast Cancer
New Therapies For Breast Cancer

The treatment of breast cancer is supposed to permanently cure the disease or at least “keep it in check”. If breast cancer is not treated, it spreads, spreads tumors in the body and sooner or later leads to death.

Classification of the tumor

The body of a human consists of many different tissues and cells. Accordingly, the malignant growth of a cancerous tumor is also different. For the treatment, it is important to compile the exact “profile” of the disease, the classification of the tumor .

This includes the information about which cell type the cancer belongs to, how malignant it is, how fast it is growing, whether it has already passed the organ borders or even spread itself in the body.

It is very important to know these details exactly. Only then can a treatment be put together that is tailor-made for the patient and the course of his illness.

How Does Breast Cancer Therapy Work ?

therapy options

In principle, there are numerous options available for the treatment of breast cancer .

If the diagnosis has unequivocally revealed that breast cancer is present, surgical intervention is necessary in most cases . Today amputation of the breast in favor of the so-called breast-conserving surgery can often be dispensed with.

The aim of radiotherapy is to destroy any tumor cells or minute metastases that may remain in the operating area or in the area of ​​the lymph node stations. New irradiation devices make it possible to use this therapy effectively and yet gently.

If tumor cells are left in the body, they can be treated by medications that are distributed throughout the body ( systemic therapy ) in addition to surgery and radiotherapy .

Scientists have shown that most tumors of the female breast are hormone-dependent, which means that these tumors can influence the regulation of growth by hormones and anti-hormones. If a tumor is sensitive to hormones, the cancer cells are stimulated by hormones to grow, on the other hand, their growth can be stopped or slowed down when the hormones are withdrawn ( anti-hormone therapy ).

The chemotherapy is therefore successful as the radiation therapy because the drugs administered (cytotoxic) cancer cells more likely to attack than normal tissue. These are cell toxins that stop the growth of cells or prevent further growth. Therefore, cytostatic drugs act mainly on dividing cells.

In about a quarter of all breast cancers, a surface marker, the HER2-neu receptor, can be detected on the tumor cells. If the tumor forms this marker particularly strongly, the possibility arises of initiating targeted immunotherapy in addition to chemotherapy .

The term ” complementary treatment methods ” includes additional (additive), non-conventional (unconventional), non-scientific (paramedical), holistic or biological methods. All these methods have in common that their effectiveness is controversial and scientifically unproven.

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