How often is prostate cancer?
How often is prostate cancer ? How often is prostate cancer ? Prostate cancer (prostate carcinoma) is a malignant tumor of the prostate gland of man. This usually occurs in the outer region of the prostate gland, so that a carcinoma is frequently palpable when examined with the finger from the rectum. The prostate carcinoma tends to spread along its own limiting capsule along the nerve fibers in lymphatics and nodes as well as into the bones. In the bones, there are secondary tumors, the so-called metastases. These can cause spontaneous bone fractures and pain. Risk factors for prostate cancer include advanced age, genetic predisposition and diet.
Important is the distinction of the malignant tumor from the benign enlargement of the prostate. The latter causes similar ailments, such as problems with the release of water, but, in contrast to cancer, does not extend beyond the prostate.
Prostate cancer, cancer of the prostate gland
If the cancer does not exceed the gland, healing by surgery or radiation is possible. If metastases are already present, different therapy methods can be used individually or in combination to stop the disease process, to extend the lifetime and to alleviate discomfort.
Enlarged prostate: benign hyperplasia or cancer?
Benign prostate enlargement
(Benign prostatic hyperplasia)
From the age of 50, changes of the prostate occur in almost every second man. This can be a benign enlargement of the gland, the so-called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It has its starting point in that part of the prostate, which directly encloses the urethra. Gradually, the urethra is constricted, causing discomfort: the urine stream becomes weaker and the urge to urinate more frequently.
Prostate cancer (malign prostatic hyperplasia)
Prostate carcinoma is a malignant tumor. In most cases – approximately 66 percent – prostate carcinomas develop in the outer zone of the gland. Since they are far away from the urethra, they often remain unnoticed for a long time. In order to narrow the urethra with disturbances during the watering process, it usually occurs only when the tumor is already large and has spread.
Whether it is a benign or malignant prostate change, only the doctor can check. For prostate cancer: The earlier it is detected, the better the chances of a complete cure.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer of men in Germany with approximately 26%. About 63,400 new cases are diagnosed nationwide per year. With a share of about 11 per cent, the prostate carcinoma behind lung and colorectal cancer is third in the deaths of cancer.
The frequency of prostate cancer has been increasing steadily for almost three decades. This is mainly due to the use of new methods for early detection (eg PSA determination) by which more prostate carcinomas, especially in the early stages, are discovered.
Before the age of 50, prostate cancer is rare; Most of the new cases occur in men over 70 years of age. The risk of developing prostate cancer is 13%; But the risk of death is only 3% – that is, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men but not the most frequent cause of death. The probability of being still alive 5 years after the diagnosis is the second highest among all cancers in Germany with 93%. 5 out of 6 men with diagnosed prostate cancer do not die from cancer but from another cause. In addition, those who have a prostate carcinoma but do not know this are never found. In 9 out of 10 men over 90 years after their death, prostate cancer cells are found in systematic investigations of the deceased, so-called autopsy studies.