Men breast cancer

Men breast cancer

Men breast cancer

Breast cancer can occur in; Men. Men at any age can develop breast cancer, but it is usually captured; (Found) in men between 60 and 70 years old. Male breast cancer makes less; Than 1% of all cases of breast cancer.

The following types of breast cancer in men

Lupus carcinoma in; Situ (abnormally found in one of the lobes or sections of breast cells); Which sometimes occurs in women, has not been seen in humans.

Anything that increases the risk of getting a disease is called a risk factor. A risk factor does not mean you get cancer, risk factors does not mean you do not get cancer. Talk to your doctor if you think you might be at risk. Risk factors for the breast; Cancer among men include the following

The genes in cells carry the genetic information that is received by a person’s parents. Hereditary breast cancer accounts for about 5% to 10% of all breast cancer. Some mutated genes related to breast cancer are more common in certain ethnic groups. Men who have a mutated gene to breast cancer have an increased risk for this disease.

There are tests that can detect (mutate) mutated genes. These genetic tests are sometimes done for members of families with a high risk of cancer. See also the following summaries for further information

Lumps and other signs can be caused by male breast cancer or by other conditions. Consult your doctor if you notice a change in your chest.

 

The following tests and procedures may be used,

Decisions on the best treatment based on the results of these tests. The tests provide information

The tests include the following

Survival for men with breast cancer is similar to women; With breast cancer, when diagnosed their stage is the same.

Chest; Cancer in men, however, is often diagnosed at a later stage.

Cancer found in one; Can later be cured less likely.

The prognosis (healing ability) and treatment options depend;the following

After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are performed; When cancer cells have spread in the chest or other parts to find out; the body. This process is called staging. The information from the collected; Process staging determines the phase of the disease. It is important to plan on the stage to know treatment.

Breast cancer in men staged; The same as it is in women. The spread of cancer from the breast to the lymph nodes and other parts of the breast; Body seems similar in men and women.

The following tests and procedures can be used in FIG.The staging process

Cancer can spread through the tissue, the lymph system and the blood

When cancer extends to another part of the body, metastasis is called. Cancer cells break away from where they started (primarytumor) and travel through the lymph system or blood.

The metastatic tumor is the same type of cancer as primary tumor. If, for example, breast cancer is distributed to the bone, the cancer cells in bone cells are actually breast cancer. The disease is metastatic breast cancer, not bone cancer.

This section describes the stages of breast cancer. The breast cancer stage will be based on the results of the tests performed during surgery and other tests on the tumor and lymph nodes.

There are 3 types of breast cancer in situ

  • In stage I cancer has been formed.Stage I is divided into stages IA and IB.
  • Stage II is divided into stages IIA and IIB.
  • In stage IIIA

In stage IIIB, the tumor of any size and cancer can spread to the chest wall and / or to the skin of the breast and causes swelling or ulcer. Also spread have cancer

Cancer, which has also spread inflammatory breast to the skin of the breast cancer can be. See section inflammatory male breast cancer

In stage IIIC is no tumor in the breast or the tumor can be found any size. Cancer may have spread to the skin of the breast and causes swelling or ulcer and / or has spread to the chest wall. Also cancer has been in

Cancer, which has also spread inflammatory breast to the skin of the breast cancer can be. See section inflammatory male breast cancer

To treat, stage IIIC breast cancer is divided into an effective and inoperable stage IIIC.

In stage IV has spread to other organs of the body, cancer, most commonly the bones, lungs, liver or brain.

In inflammatory breast; Cancer, cancer has spread to the skin of the breast and the chest looks red and swollen and feels warm. The; Redness and heat occur because the cancer cells block the lymph vessels in the skin. The skin of the breast; Can also show the dimples appearance; D’Orange (like the skin of an orange). There can be no knots in the chest that is felt. Inflammatory breast cancer may be in stage IIIB, IIIC stage or stage IV.

Recurrent breast cancer is cancer, has recurred; (Again) after it has been treated. The cancer in can come back; The chest; in the chest; or; In other parts of the body.

Different types of treatment are available for men with breast cancer; Cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some; Are tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is designed to help a research study; improve current treatments or receive information about new therapies for patients; with cancer. Clinical studies show that a new treatment is better than that; Standard treatment; Treatment can be the standard treatment.

In some patients, taking a clinical trial can be the best choice of treatment. Many standard treatments of today for cancer are based on previous clinical trials. Patients who take a clinical trial may receive the standard treatment or be among the first to receive a new treatment.

Patients who participate in clinical trials also help to improve the way to improve cancer will also be treated in the future. Even if clinical trials do not lead to effective new therapies they often answer important questions and help move forward research.

Some clinical trials are only patients who have not received any treatment. Other studies test treatments for patients whose cancer has not become better. There are also studies that test new ways of stopping cancer from recurring (coming back) or reducing the side effects of cancer treatment.

Clinical trials are taking place in many parts of the country. Information about clinical trials is available from the; Website. The most appropriate treatment of cancer is the choice one; Decision which ideally encompasses the patients, the family and the care team.

Surgery for men with the breast; Cancer is usually a modified residue; Mastectomy (removal of the breast, many, the lymph nodes under the arm, the lining over the chest, muscles, and sometimes part of the chest, wall musculature). Enlarge Modified radical mastectomy. The dotted line shows where the entire breast and some lymph nodes are removed. Part of the chest wall muscle can also be removed.

Brushing; Surgery, surgery to remove the tumor, but not the breast; Even, is also used for some men with breast cancer. A lumpectomy happens to the tumor (lump) and a small amount of normal tissue to remove it. Radiation therapy is to kill all cancer cells that are left after surgery. Magnify Brushing Operation. Dotted lines show the area containing tumor being removed, and some of the lymph nodes that can be removed.

Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. When chemotherapy is administered through the mouth or into a vein or muscle is taken, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of cancer being treated.

Breast cancer

Hormone therapy is a cancer treatment that removes hormones or blocks their effects and stops growth of cancer cells. Hormones are substances that are formed by glands in the body and circulate in the blood circulation. Some hormones can cause certain cancers to grow. When tests show that the cancer cell sites where hormones can attach (receptors), drugs, surgery or radiotherapy is used to reduce the production of hormones or block them from work.

Breast cancer

Radiationtherapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or prevent them from growing. There are two types of radiotherapy. External radiotherapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation towards the cancer. Internal radiotherapy uses a radioactive substance sealed into needles, seeds, wires or catheters that are placed directly in or near the cancer. The way radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of cancer treated.

Targeted therapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific cancer cells without harming normal cells. Monoclonal antibody therapy is a type of targeted therapy used to treat men with breast cancer.

Monoclonal Antibody Therapy uses antibodies produced in the laboratory from a single type of immune system cell. These antibodies can identify substances on cancer cells or normal substances that can help cancer cells grow. The antibodies are bound to kill the substances and the cancer cells, block their growth, or keep them from spreading. Monoclonal antibodies are administered by infusion. They can be used alone or to carry drugs, toxins or radioactive material directly to cancer cells. Monoclonal antibodies are also used with chemotherapy as an adjuvant therapy (treatment given after surgery to reduce the risk that the cancer will return).

Breast cancer

Breast cancer in men; The same as breast cancer in women treated. (See the summary on the treatment of breast cancer, for more information)

Treatment for men diagnosed with breast cancer is usually radically altered; Mastectomy. Breast surgery with lumpectomy can be used for some people.

Therapy after surgery is given when cancer cells can no longer be seen; Called adjuvant; Therapy. Even if the doctor removed all; Cancer, which can be seen at the time of surgery, the patient can be administered radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and / or post-surgery therapy targeted to try; All cancer cells that can be left.

These treatments seem to increase survival in men as they are in; Mrs. The response of the patient to hormone therapy depends on whether there are hormone receptors (proteins) in the tumor. Most breast cancer in men have this; Receptors. A hormone therapy is usually recommended for male breast cancer patients, but it can have many side effects, such as heat buildup and impotence (the inability to have an erection sufficient for sex, sexual intercourse).

Treatment of men with distant; Metastases (cancer that has spread to other parts of the body) can be hormone therapy, chemotherapy or both. A hormone therapy can be the following

Hormone treatments can be used in sequence (one by one).Standard chemotherapies; If a hormone therapy does not work. Men usually respond to the therapy in the; As well as women who have breast cancer.

This cancer information summary has updated information on the treatment of male breast cancer. It is intended to inform and help patients, families and caregivers.

 

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