Questions About: Thyroid
Thyroid: small organ with great effect! As a small hormone gland, the thyroid gland can affect many important processes of the body. If it is out of balance, massive disruptions can result.
Thyroid nodules are very common and are usually harmless, yet a doctor should rule out cancer
Thyroid nodules are very common and usually they are harmless to the person concerned, as well as not noticeable. Since in rare cases, cancer can also be behind such a node, a doctor should be consulted.
How does the thyroid work?
The butterfly-shaped gland produces the hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Depending on how many of them it gives into the blood, they heat the metabolism or throttle him. They affect our hunger, the libido and mood, a healthy brain development, the need for sleep and the energy expenditure.
In addition, the thyroid gland forms the hormone calcitonin, which plays a role in calcium metabolism and stable bones. But how important she is for well-being is something that many only realize when something is wrong with her. And that happens not so rare: every third German suffers from a thyroid disorder. Women more often than men. Heaped, they occur in hormone conversion phases (pregnancy, menopause).
What problems are there?
To produce their hormones, the thyroid needs iodine, which the body can not produce by itself. If we take too little food, it tries to compensate for the shortcoming. The result: It forms excess tissue – a goiter. Although such changes are usually not dramatic, they are always a case for the doctor.
What happens when a malfunction occurs?
Listlessness, extra pounds, shivering – these are typical symptoms of hyperthyroidism (hypothyroidism). That is, it does not provide enough of the hormones T3 and T4 that are involved in controlling all processes in the body. As a result, the pulse and metabolism slow down.
In hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, the thyroid constantly sends out hormones and thus drives the body to peak performance. Those affected feel irritable, in constant stress, their heart is overloaded. It comes to sleep disorders , diarrhea and weight loss.
How do you recognize a disease?
An (iodine deficiency) goiter or a lump in the throat are warning signs. But even symptoms of a malfunction are a reason to go to the family doctor. He will take blood for clarification and measure the concentration of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). This is secreted by the pituitary gland to regulate the production of thyroid hormones. A “normal” value is in the range between 0.4 to 4 mU / l.
If it is higher (indicates a hypofunction) or lower (hyperfunction) than normal, an endocrinologist looks closely at how many thyroid hormones circulate in the blood and makes an ultrasound for clarification. Behind persistent sub-functions, for example, is often the autoimmune disease Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, in which chronic inflammation destroys the thyroid permanently. It is not curable but can be treated well with hormone replacement tablets.
The cause of hyperfunction are autoimmune conditions such as Graves’ disease, in which the body produces antibodies that stimulate the thyroid gland to produce too much T3 and T4. Also tissue changes in the thyroid gland, called hot knots, can produce uncontrolled hormones. Cold nodes, on the other hand, are areas of the thyroid glands that barely form hormones. In case of overfunction, the doctor will prescribe thyroid blocker. If this is not enough, the tissue is often surgically removed.
What can I do myself ?
To make sure everything runs smoothly in the thyroid gland, adults need 200 micrograms of iodine daily (contained in 100 g of salmon). Also good: iodized salt, spinach , bread and milk. If you do not eat enough, you can use iodine tablets (eg “Taxofit Jod Depot”, drugstore). Thyroid patients should first talk to their doctor! And a protective factor for the mini-organ with maximum effect is the abandonment of cigarettes. Their smoke contains cyanide, which blocks the absorption of iodine.
Should You Go To The Thyroıd Check?
If you feel that you have five or more symptoms, it makes sense to have your thyroid examined as a precautionary measure.
- Weight gain for no understandable reason
- Weight loss without understandable reason
- Disorders of the menstrual cycle
- digestive problems
- sleep disorders
- daytime sleepiness
- concentration problems
- memory problems
- Permanent fatigue Brittle, dull hair
- Trembling of the hands
- Swollen eyelids / Lidrandentzündung
- Dead hands and feet