Skin cancer / melanoma (black skin cancer)
Melanoma is the fifth most common cancer. Black skin cancer can also affect younger people: 24% of people with melanoma are younger than 50 years of age at the time of diagnosis.
Skin Cancer Risk Factors
One of the main causes of skin cancer is UV radiation. UV rays damage the genetic material. To a certain extent, the body can repair DNA damage, leaving some cells damaged and developing into cancer cells.
People with one or more of the following characteristics should protect themselves from the sun and regularly check themselves for skin changes. In addition, it should be discussed with a doctor, whether a regular check of the skin by the doctor is necessary.
- More than 100 pigment times
- Pigment marks that are irregular in shape and color
- Earlier skin cancer
- Prevention and early detection
In order to protect our skin from the harmful effects of solar radiation, it is necessary to protect it. Optimum sun protection depends on the intensity of the UV radiation, the type of activity, the duration of the stay in the sun and the sensitivity of the skin to the sun.
The most important recommendations:
- Stay in the shade between 11am and 3pm
- Protect yourself with hat, sunglasses and clothes
- Apply sunscreen
- Also, the artificial UV radiation increases the risk of skin cancer. Visits to the solarium are therefore not recommended.
- In order to recommend systematic examinations for the early detection of skin cancer in persons without increased risk, the scientific basis is currently insufficient.
- It is important to pay attention to changes in the skin and to consult a doctor if any changes occur. If a pigment differs significantly from the others in form or color or changes it should be medically clarified.
Black skin cancer (melanoma)
Skin cancer occurs in various forms. The most dangerous form is melanoma, also called black skin cancer, because it can form metastases.
Melanoma can develop in the pigment cells of the skin. The pigment cells produce the dye melanin and can form pigment malignancies known as liver spots or birthmarks. In principle, pigment marks are harmless and, in most cases, remain so. In rare cases, a pigment may develop into skin cancer. About one fifth of all melanomas arise from existing pigment marks. The majority of melanomas develop new.
Skin cancer diagnosis
Suspicious skin changes can be perceived on the skin. If a birthmark differs significantly from the others in shape and color or changes, it should be medically clarified. For diagnosis, the doctor takes a tissue sample from the suspected skin site.
Skin cancer therapy
Skin cancer is surgically removed if possible. The extent of the surgery depends on how far the cancer has spread to the depths of the skin. In advanced stages additional treatment measures are often necessary, such as drug therapies (eg immunotherapy or chemotherapy).