what is bone cancer? There are several cancers that emanate from the cells of the bones (primary bone tumors). The most common is osteosarcoma. Other bone crabs are z. Chondrosarcoma or Ewing’s sarcoma.
The exact reasons for the formation of bone tumors are often unclear. The development of these very rare diseases can be promoted by ionizing radiation and heredity.
Bone Cancer symptoms
Typical complaints of bone cancer are pain and swelling in the affected area of the body. Bone cancer can affect any part of the skeleton. Osteosarcoma most often affects the long bones of the legs or upper arms. In addition, symptoms may appear in the pelvis or spine. Also, the mobility of a joint can be limited. If the tumor destroys the bone, fractures occur.
Bone Cancer diagnosis
The diagnosis of bone cancer is often made only at a bone fracture, because previously no symptoms have occurred. The affected portion of the skeleton is first displayed using X-rays, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Under local anesthesia, some bone tissue is removed so that it can be examined for suspicious cells.
Bone Cancer therapy
The treatment depends on the type of bone cancer. As a rule, a combination of surgery and chemotherapy is necessary for the treatment of osteosarcoma, in rare situations it is irradiated. Mostly, the limb can be preserved during an operation.
Much more common than the actual bone cancer are bone metastases, ie offshoots of other tumors in bone. Bone metastases are mainly from prostate, breast, lung, kidney and thyroid cancer. They often settle among others in the ribs, the hip bone or in the spine. They can trigger pain and cause spontaneous fractures. Often the pain can be treated, for example, with radiation or drugs that inhibit bone loss.
Source 1: mayo clinic org