Breast cancer in the man
The disease is rare in men. At the time of diagnosis, most men are over 60 years old.
Breast cancer man
The breast tissue is similar in the man as in the woman. Accordingly, tumors can also form there.
Breast cancer in the man risk factors
Genome changes, such as the so-called BRCA mutations, can be detected in some individuals.
- Klinefelter syndrome is an innate change in the number of chromosomes in the genome. Men with Klinefelter syndrome are more likely to develop breast cancer.
- Radiotherapy: Men who received upper body radiation because of another cancer.
- Family burden: If one or more first-degree relatives (mother, father, brother) become ill.
- Hormones: Men, like women, produce the female sex hormone estrogen. Overproduction of estrogen can occur in men, for example, overweight or liver disease.
Breast cancer in the man symptoms
Palpable, usually painless lump or hardening often in the area of the nipple.
- A confiscation or other change (eg ulcer) at the nipple or at the areola.
- Fluid discharge from the nipple.
- Palpable lymph nodes in the armpit.
Since breast cancer is rare in men, the diagnosis is often made at an advanced stage.
Swelling and enlargement of the male breast is called gynecomastia. It is a benign change caused by a hormonal imbalance. These hormonal changes can increase the risk of getting breast cancer but increase it.
Breast cancer in the man diagnosis
To make the diagnosis, a mammogram, an ultrasound and a biopsy is performed. The tissue sample microscopically investigates whether it is cancerous and whether the cancer cells have on their surface hormone receptors or other properties that may promote the growth of breast cancer. This is the case in 90% of men affected by breast cancer. Depending on the findings, further examinations may follow. It can also be determined whether the tumor has formed metastases (offspring).
Breast cancer in the man therapy
The treatment is planned individually. It depends on the size of the tumor, the tissue properties and whether lymph nodes are affected or metastases are present.
The possible treatment methods are:
Operation: The aim of the procedure is the complete removal of the tumor