Colorectal Cancer – Course
What is my life expectancy? This is the first question patients with advanced bowel cancer face. In fact, colorectal cancer has a medium prognosis – most likely because it is often discovered late.
Colon cancer is divided into different stages of the disease
A colorectal cancer is divided into various stages. Depending on the progression of the disease, different symptoms, as well as treatment options.
Medicine distinguishes four stages in each cancer. The cancer stages of colorectal carcinoma ( colon cancer ) are:
Stage I – the cure prospects are almost 100 percent. There are no affected lymph nodes, nor metastases, and the tumor on the intestinal mucosa could be completely removed.
Stage II – the tumor has spread to the intestinal musculature, but has not metastasized. The lymph is free. Still very good healing prospects.
Stage III – advanced tumor fused with all layers of the gut and adjacent tissue. The lymph is affected, but there are no distant metastases in other organs. The risk of relapses (recurrences) is great.
Stage IV – advanced tumor that has already spread to other organs, liver and lung metastases. Operatively, you can no longer control the cancer. Therefore, chemotherapy and targeted cancer therapy with molecular drugs come into play.
Tumor Classification According To The TNM System
Medicine has classified the nature and spread of the tumor and identified it using a number and letter system. T stands for tumor, N for the lymph nodes in its vicinity, M indicates whether metastases are present. The following numbers indicate the degree of the disease.
Have the medical report handed to you – as a patient you should know everything that concerns you as a patient.
Complications Of Advanced Colorectal Cancer
Anemia is one of the specific symptoms that a colorectal cancer unfortunately only in the advanced course of the disease shows. Anemia ( anemia ) manifests itself with fatigue and pallor.
Intestinal obstruction (ileus) – it is life-threatening if the intestine has narrowed due to the tumor. In intestinal obstruction (ileus) must be operated on.
End-stage colorectal cancer – the end stage of colorectal cancer is well cared for and monitored, especially at specialized cancer and palliative care units. There is psycho-oncological care (psychological care in the case of cancer), medical relief of anxiety and pain and the ability to die with dignity.