Life during radiation therapy and side effects
Life during radiation therapy and side effects, Usually the acute risk of side effects of the radiation is so low that the daily-life is rarely necessary. Especially during the spring and summer months, however, care should be taken to avoid direct sunlight. Headgear, preference should be given. Similarly, swimming or sauna sessions during the treatment period and 4-6 weeks after that should not be done. Further details discussing the attending Radio oncologist with the patient. The usual side effects of the irradiation, the redness associated with dry desquamation in the field of therapeutic areas. It depends on the dose and treatment technique and can vary significantly. At the same time often a hair loss occurs only where radiation reaches the hair roots.
Both side effects usually regress after irradiation. Rarely, permanent changes in the skin, brown discoloration, “spider veins” or a dilution and hardening of the subcutaneous tissue. Permanent hair loss can occur where a surgical scar is located or where a loading dose of a tumor area was carried out. Out of a headache with nausea and vomiting may occur. Temporary doses of cortisone eliminate these problems quickly. If the throat and the esophagus in the area of the exit gates of therapeutic areas, it can be a temporary difficulty swallowing and hoarseness. The risks of side effects should be discussed depending on the individual irradiation technique and dosing with the radio therapist. These side effects that occur with irradiation or shortly thereafter are separated from the after-effects that may arise months to years after completion.
Therapy side-effects occur only where the radiation is administered. Long-term effects do not exist.
Special skin care measures should be discussed with the radiation therapist. The skin in the radiation field can be maintained only with substances that were prescribed by radiation oncologists. Mechanical stimuli in the irradiated skin should be avoided. Whether and how intense the irradiated skin must be washed, you should please discuss with the doctor.
Aftercare and long-term consequences
At the end of irradiation usually a check-up done. Here, the therapeutic result, the possible side effects during treatment and the next steps will be discussed. This includes the further possibly necessary medicines, skin care and lifestyle. In some cases, additional chemotherapy are eligible. Often a short-term control date will be set, especially when side effects are observed at the completion of radiotherapy. Further follow-up is interdisciplinary, ie, in collaboration with colleagues neurosurgery and neurology. It effected regular follow-ups, which are also partially prescribed within specified treatment protocols for specific rhythms.
Within the follow-up program, it is necessary that the attending oncologist Radio looks at least 1 times per year to affected patients. Long-term treatment effects can also occur even after years and of colleagues who have not received radiooncology training, be misinterpreted. Quite often relapses can be misunderstood as a therapy sequence. Only the radio oncologist has the training and experience to recognize any side effects promptly and start the necessary treatment measures.
late effects are a complex issue and are separated from the acute side effects. With increasing cure rates the risk of late complications appears increasingly to the fore. The essential aim of current developments in the field of therapeutic concepts is to reduce the risk of therapy consequences. Possible therapeutic effects need to be thoroughly discussed with the radiation oncologists, as there is a very different risk for each patient.
Impairment of the hormonal (thyroid, adrenal – water balance and blood concentrations of salt, sex function, growth hormone)
Here, the central control of the hormone formation is disturbed by the pituitary gland and adjacent areas of the brain, which in turn control the pituitary gland, are impaired in their function. Hormonal disorders are a very complex and complicated area. Regular monitoring by specialized physicians is necessary to recognize in time losses that can be offset by appropriate medication today.