Lung cancer (bronchial carcinoma) Rate
Each year about 4100 people develop lung cancer in Switzerland, which is 10% of all cancer cases. 62% of those affected are men, 38% are women. Lung cancer is the second most frequent type of cancer in men and the third most common type of cancer in women. With 3100 deaths per year, lung cancer requires the most sacrificial cancer victims.
Lungs and neighboring organs
- Right lung wing
- Pleural cavity
- Pleura (two pleural leaves)
- Air tube
- Left lung wing
Lung cancer can occur both within the airways (bronchial tubes) and in the lung tissue. Two different forms of lung cancer are distinguished: the small-cell and the non-small-cell bronchial carcinoma. These two forms differ, among other things, in terms of treatment and prognosis.
Lung cancer risk factors
Smoking is the most important risk factor for lung cancer. In Europe, about 80% of all cases of lung cancer are caused by smoking. Tobacco smoking not only harms the smokers themselves, but also passive smoking increases the risk of lung cancer.
Another important risk factor is radon, a radioactive noble gas, which is generated in the soil and can enter the house from the ground. Air pollution, in particular fine dust and diesel soot, asbestos, arsenic, chromium and nickel compounds also increase the risk of lung cancer.
Lung cancer symptoms
In the early stages, lung cancer usually produces hardly any symptoms. Therefore, many tumors are discovered only in a late stage, if they have already formed metastases and can no longer be cured. The following symptoms may indicate lung cancer:
- Cough longer than four weeks
- Lung cancer ejection
- Hoarseness, respiratory distress
- Pain in the chest
- General fatigue and fatigue
Lung cancer diagnosis
For the diagnosis of lung cancer an X-ray image of the chest is made. Other important investigations are bronchoscopy, in which tissue samples are taken, as well as computer tomography of the breast cavity.
Lung cancer therapy
The treatment procedures for lung cancer are surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Which treatment methods are used depends, inter alia, on the type of cancer and the extent to which the cancer has already progressed. Different forms of therapy are often combined.