Mammography: breast is checked
The breast is checked with an imaging procedure. The idea behind it: If malignant tumors are detected early by the regular examination, life can be saved. On the other hand, the health insurance companies save money. Because the treatment becomes more extensive and more expensive the bigger the ulcer is.
Mammography is used for the early detection of breast cancer. Women aged 50 to 69 receive an invitation to breast cancer screening by mail every two years.
Every year, more than 71,000 women develop “breast cancer“. Provision is therefore important and correct. Disputed, however, is the “how“. Because the benefit of the screening is low: Statistically, only one in 1,000 women can be saved. Instead of four, die three – still three too many. And the investigation also carries risks: According to critics, about five out of every 1,000 women are unnecessarily operated, irradiated or receive chemotherapy.
The other catch: The X-rays are not very accurate in dense glandular tissue. A sonography with ultrasound would be more useful. But the fund only pays them if the X-ray image was noticeable. Also, the more accurate MRI tomography is only used in a finding. Many a tumor remains so undetected. Physicians therefore demand more flexibility in the investigation. Depending on the case, they want to be able to decide between X-ray, ultrasound or a combination of both.
X-RAY IS STILL WITHOUT ALTERNATIVE FOR THE WOMAN
Until the dispute is settled, is further geröntgt. Despite radiation exposure, uncertain results and the risk of unnecessary surgery. Some women decide against it. However, if you are familiar with the family, you should definitely go through the screening – that’s what the doctors agree on. The risk of developing cancer outweighs the disadvantages.
Where do the malignant breast tumors most often colonize: 55 percent on the outside above. Rarely do they occur in the lower half. As a precaution, women can regularly palpate their breasts. If a knot is felt, you should go to the doctor immediately. Fortunately, it is usually a benign ulcer (fibroadenoma) or a lime deposit. The only catch: only 37 percent of carcinomas are palpable. At the beginning they are very small.