Questions About: Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is the third most common malignant tumor disease in Germany, with approximately 4,500 new cases annually. In “mylife” you will find answers to the origin, treatment and prevention.
If there is a malignant change in the uterine tissue it is cervical cancer. This disease occurs as a result of a viral disease, but not all get sick! Our immune systems checkmate the viruses in most cases.
What are the causes of the genesis?
One risk factor is the infection with so-called human papillomavirus (HPV). For example, they are transmitted through sexual intercourse. Many women become infected with HPV at least once in their lives. Most infections heal without consequences. Only three percent of all HPV infections lead to cervical cancer . It takes about five to seven years to develop a high-grade tissue degeneration from infection.
How is the disease?
Initially, the tumor is limited to a narrow zone on the surface of the cervix. If the tumor is discovered in time by the doctor, there is a good chance of recovery. If it remains undetected, the tumor can expand to the environment and organs and form metastases.
Are there any noticeable or visible warning signs?
The precursors of malignant cell alteration in the cervix do not cause any discomfort and even at an early stage, the cancer is not noticeable.
How can you protect yourself from cervical cancer?
By the check-up from the age of 20! With the help of a painless cell swab (Pap test) of the cervix and cervix, the doctor can detect and treat cancer cells and their precursors. Targeted prevention is possible with an HPV vaccine at the age of 9 to 14 years.
How is cervical cancer treated?
The most important procedure in early stages is surgery. Alternatively, radiotherapy in combination with chemotherapy is possible. Radiation therapy attempts to destroy the malignant cells. To achieve this is irradiated from the outside and from the inside. In brachytherapy (short-distance radiation from the inside), a radiation source is introduced into the uterine cavity. It is a local radiation, in which the neighboring organs are spared. In addition, the tumor cells are weakened by chemotherapy.
Are there any new therapies?
In clinical studies, the effect of a heat therapy “hyperthermia” is tested. It aims to increase the efficacy of chemotherapy and radiation by artificially raising the temperature to between 40 and 45 degrees Celsius, depending on the method used.