Skin cancer / light skin cancers (white skin cancer)
Skin cancer occurs in various forms. The most dangerous form is melanoma, also called black skin cancer, because it can form metastases. More common, but less dangerous are the bright skin cancers (white skin cancer) such as the basalioma (basal cell carcinoma) and the spinalioma (squamous cell carcinoma). The exact number of new cases for Switzerland is not known, as most cancer registries do not detect the bright skin cancers. In Switzerland, an estimated 20,000 to 25,000 people a year are diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma or spinal anomalies.
Skin cancer risk factors
Bright skin cancers, also known as white skin cancer, are the result of many years of UV exposure. Light skin cancers arise on the so-called sun terraces of the body, usually on the face (nose bridge, forehead, ear rims, lower lip) and on the neck, forearms and backs of the hands.
Skin cancer prevention
In order to protect our skin from the harmful effects of solar radiation, it is necessary to protect it. Optimum sun protection depends on the intensity of the UV radiation, the type of activity, the duration of the stay in the sun and the sensitivity of the skin to the sun.
The most important recommendations:
- Stay in the shade between 11am and 3pm
- Protect yourself with hat, sunglasses and clothes
- Apply sunscreen
- Also, the artificial UV radiation increases the risk of skin cancer. Visits to the solarium are therefore not recommended.
Bright skin cancers
The basalioma (also called basal cell carcinoma) develops between the basal cell layer and the upper dermis and forms from keratinocytes along hair follicles. Men and women are about the same affected, the average age is 60 years, increasingly younger people are affected. Basaliomas are three to four times more common than spinal ones.
The spinalioma (also called spiny cell cancer) arises from keratinocytes of the spiny cell layer (epidermis).
Men are more affected than women, the average age is 70 years.
The Actinic keratosis (also called solar keratosis) and Bowen’s disease are among the so-called precursors of the light skin cancer types. From both precursors can develop a Spinaliom.
skin cancers therapy
Light skin cancers are usually surgically removed and usually require no further therapy. In fair skin cancer metastases and deaths are very rare.