The testes are made up of different types of cells.Accordingly, various types of tumors may develop in the testes. The most commonforms of testicular cancer are the seminomas and the non-seminomas. Thedistinction is important because the different types of tumors are treateddifferently. In 95% of patients, testicular cancer occurs only in one of thetwo testes.
Testicles and neighboring organs
1. bladder 2. urethra 3. penis 4. seminal vesicles 5. prostate 6. vas deferens 7. epididymis 8. testes
Testicular Cancer risk factors
Possible risk factors are:
- Undescended testicles (a malposition of the testicles),
- Incomplete development of urethral opening,
- previous testicular cancer,
- Testicular intraepithelial neoplasia (TIN),
Testicular Cancer symptoms
Possible early symptoms are:
- Swelling or enlargement of a testicle (usually painless);
- Hardening or nodules in a testicle (usually painless);
- “Pulling”, tension or heaviness in the testicles or in the groin area;
- Fluid accumulation in the scrotum;
- Touch sensitivity in the area of the testes;
- Swelling of the mammary gland (cause are female hormones that are produced by certain testicular tumors).
Additional symptoms can be:
- Tiredness, performance kink
- Loss of appetite, nausea
- loss in weight
- back pain
- difficulty in breathing
Testicular Cancer diagnoses
If testicular cancer is suspected, an ultrasound examination, biopsy and computed tomography are performed.
Testicular Cancer therapy
The disease is often cured both early and late. Even if the cancer has already metastasized, healing is often possible. The affected testes are first removed by surgery. Subsequently, there are various therapy options, eg. Chemotherapy and / or radiotherapy for seminoma, chemotherapy for non-seminarians.