The Most Important Questions About Colon Cancer
Why is it colon cancer, how can you protect yourself and who is particularly at risk? Experts answer “mylife” the most important questions around the topic of colon cancer.
There are many questions about colon cancer: “mylife” answers the most important questions.
THE TOPIC INDEX
When the intestinal mucosa changes, colon cancer can develop. First, benign growths (polyps) form. However, they can become malignant over time, grow and break through the intestinal wall. In the further course they penetrate into surrounding tissue such as lymph nodes. From there it flushes the lymph and bloodstream to other organs where they can form metastases.
Are there any warning signs of colorectal cancer?
Unfortunately no, for a long time nothing is felt by her. Warning signs such as blood in the stool, spasmodic abdominal pain, tiredness, irregular stool and weight loss occur only at an advanced stage.
Are not only older people affected?
Although the risk increases with age, but who carries a family risk, can fall ill even at a very young age. Experts estimate that about 30 percent of colon cancer cases are “hereditary”. All people who have a first-degree relative who has colorectal cancer, such as a father, mother or sibling, are considered to be a family burden. Colon cancer occurs more frequently and at a much earlier age than it does in people at average risk.
What risks are there?
Particularly at risk are people who are not very mobile or overweight. Long-term alcohol and nicotine consumption as well as the frequent consumption of red meat and animal fats are also considered as risk factors. Diabetics should have their bowels examined before initiating insulin treatment. The reason: insulin accelerates the growth of tumor cells.
How can you track down a tumor?
The health insurance companies pay a check for hidden blood in the stool every 12 months from the age of 50 (Hämoccult test). From the age of 55, the costs for a classic colonoscopy (colonoscopy) are taken over. If the findings are inconspicuous, the next colonoscopy will be paid ten years later. The reason for this long time interval: intestinal polyps grow very, very slowly.
What exactly happens during a virtual colonoscopy?
The patient is examined in a computer or magnetic resonance tomograph (costs: approx. 800 Euros, cash registers do not pay). Disadvantages: Flat cell proliferation or changes in the intestine are only visible in conventional colonoscopy. If polyps are discovered, they can not be removed by this method. It is then necessary a conventional colonoscopy. In addition, even in the virtual investigation is not around the thorough evacuation around.
When should you take a family risk for colorectal cancer screening?
As a rule of thumb, relatives should take precautionary measures ten years before the age of onset of the family member (in this case, the insurances pay independent of age). If, for example, a relative becomes ill at the age of 50, this means that the relatives must go to colonoscopy at the age of 40 at the latest. Even earlier, precautionary measures should be taken by members of families who have a genetic test for the genetic cause of cancer. Depending on the mutation from the tenth or 25th year!
What keeps the intestine healthy?
Important is movement. Regular activity, preferably three times a week, can reduce the risk of tumors by up to 50 percent. Good is sports in the fresh air. Sun stimulates the formation of vitamin D and this vital substance also protects against cancer. As far as diet is concerned, you should rarely eat red meat and animal fats. Well, the gut is rich in fiber like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fiber accelerates passage through the digestive tract. Harmful substances come so shorter with the intestinal wall in contact. Also have a protective effect probiotic yogurts or sour milk products.
If a tumor has been discovered?
Then he is removed first. This is possible even today with very small cuts and fine instruments. If the cancer is limited to the intestinal wall, the disease can sometimes be cured by this procedure alone. In other cases, chemotherapy or radiotherapy is performed prior to surgery to reduce the size of the tumor. At an advanced stage, for example, modern medicines can stop the growth of a tumor, or cut it off from nutrient supply and starve it.