Oncology deals not only with diagnosis and treatment of all tumors and also all developments in this field. Many studies are conducted and new techniques are developed to ensure early diagnosis of various types of cancers. Computed tomography, ultrasound, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging and PET/CT are only some examples.
Chemotherapy uses potent medicines to destruct cancerous cells. The drugs are usually injected or administered by drop counter. This therapy may, sometimes, require staying at hospital.
Chemotherapy is accompanied by side effect, because drugs may also damage healthy cells. Hair loss, tiredness, feeling sick, vomiting and immunodeficiency can be observed. Sexual life of people can be also influenced. Patients may generate various reactions; all these reactions do not always develop simultaneously.
Treatment and follow-up are planned and applied for patients, who are diagnosed with cancer, at Department of Medical Oncology in our hospital. Relevant Surgeons and Radiation Oncologists cooperated in treatment and follow-up of these patients, if required. Advancements in treatment plans ensure that patients are followed up by Medical Oncologist, Chemotherapy Nurse, Radiologist, primary surgeon, a psychologist experienced in oncology and Dietetics and Nutrition Expert and treatment is personalized according to needs of patient. Our principle in treatment of patient is to play efficient role in resolving medical conditions, including but not limited to infections, renal failure, heart failure, nutritional disorders and so on, which are secondary to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy agents, which are intravenously infused, are prepared safely by an expert Chemotherapy Nurse in a special environment. At this outpatient clinic, patients are referred to inpatient settings for chemotherapy administrations, if required.
Diagnosis and treatment services are available for types of cancers written below at Department of Medical Oncology:
• Lung cancer
• Prostate Cancer
• Breast cancer
• Head & Neck cancer
• Stomach – bowel cancers
• Brain Tumors
• Pancreatic Cancer
• Liver cancers
• Gall bladder and biliary tract cancers
• Malignant mesenchymal tumors
• Kidney and urinary bladder cancers
• Melanomas and lymphomas
• Thyroid cancer
• Testicular Cancer
• Ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancers
A medical oncologist treats cancer using chemotherapy or other medications, such as targeted therapy or immunotherapy.
A surgical oncologist removes the tumor and nearby tissue during surgery. He or she also performs certain types of biopsies to help diagnose cancer.
A radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy.
Other types of oncologists include:
A gynecologic oncologist treats gynecologic cancers, such as uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers.
A pediatric oncologist treats cancer in children. Some types of cancer occur most often in children and teenagers. This includes certain brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. Types of cancer more common in children sometimes also occur in adults. In these situations, an adult may decide to work with a pediatric oncologist.
A hematologist-oncologist diagnoses and treats blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.
The role of the oncologist
An oncologist manages a patient’s care throughout the course of the disease. This starts with the diagnosis. His or her role includes:
Explaining the cancer diagnosis and stage
Talking about all treatment options and his or her preferred choice
Delivering quality and compassionate care
Helping a patient manage the symptoms and side effects of cancer and cancer treatment.
Different types of doctors often work together to create a patient’s overall treatment plan that combines different types of treatments. For instance, a patient may need treatment with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. This is called a multidisciplinary team.
Cancer care teams also include a variety of other health care professionals:
A pathologist reads laboratory tests. This includes checking cells, tissues, and organs to diagnose disease
A diagnostic radiologist conducts imaging tests to diagnose disease. This includes x-rays or ultrasound tests.
An oncology nurse
An oncology social worker
The team may also involve doctors from other areas of medicine. For instance, a dermatologist who specializes in skin problems may also help treat skin cancer.
Sometimes a person’s cancer diagnosis is complex. In this case, the patient’s oncologist may ask a tumor board to review the case. This involves medical experts from all areas of cancer care who come together to decide on the best treatment plan.