Who belongs to a risk group?
Risk factors can be:
- Occurrence of Darmpolypen in a close or close relative.
- Colorectal cancer in the family, especially if the persons concerned were younger than 50 years of age at the time of illness.
- Occurrence of other types of cancer, for example breast, ovary or uterine cancer.
- Gardner’s syndrome
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
- HNPCC (Lynch syndrome)
- Chronic inflammation of the intestinal mucosa (in particular ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease).
- Unfavorable dietary habits, such as fat-rich and low-fiber diet. Also discussed are strongly salted, cured or smoked as a possible trigger for colorectal cancer.
- lack of exercise
- nicotine addiction
What can you do yourself?
Observe your body and react to the warning signals by letting it be diagnosed by a doctor:
- Blood in or on the stool
- Altered chair habits, such as pencil-thin stools; Change from constipation to diarrhea and vice versa
- At the discharge of flatulence simultaneous evacuation of some blood, mucus, or stool
- Pallor, constant fatigue, fatigue, performance degradation, weight loss
- Palpable indurations in the abdomen and / or enlarged lymph nodes
- Abdominal pain lasting more than a week
- Loud intestinal noises, rumors, strong, persistent flatulence
- Frequent bowel movements; Emptying of conspicuously bad-smelling stools
By means of a general healthy lifestyle and regular early detection examinations from the age of 50, you can also minimize the risk of colorectal cancer. These include: physical exercise, no overweight, no smoking, low alcohol, consumption of fiber and starchy foods such as potatoes, cereal products and vegetables, fresh fruit, low fat and the intake of vitamins , especially A, C, D and E. These vitamins You should eat enough food, fruits, vegetables and milk.